What kind of board material is best for making wardrobes?

  1. Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF)

MDF, also known as fiberboard, is an engineered wood product made from wood fibers or other plant fibers bonded together with urea-formaldehyde resin or other suitable adhesives. It is classified into high-density, medium-density, and low-density boards based on its density. MDF is soft, impact-resistant, and easy to process, but its quality in China still needs improvement due to the national standards for high-density boards being several times lower than international standards.029d70c4f5ba588a647334ce885781c7

  1. Plywood

Commonly referred to as “veneer board” in the industry, plywood is made by hot-pressing three or more layers of 1mm thick veneers or thin boards. It is the most commonly used material in handmade furniture production. Plywood is available in six specifications: 3mm, 5mm, 9mm, 12mm, 15mm, and 18mm.

  1. Decorative Panels

Decorative panels are thin wood veneers, usually around 0.2mm thick, sliced from solid wood boards and bonded to plywood using adhesive technology. These panels serve a decorative purpose on one side and have a thickness of 3mm. Decorative panels are considered a high-end decorative material distinct from traditional oil finishing methods.

  1. Fireproof Board

Fireproof board is made by mixing silicon or calcium materials with a certain proportion of fiber materials, lightweight aggregates, adhesives, and chemical additives, and then pressing them using steam pressure technology. It is a new type of material increasingly used not only for fire resistance but also for its decorative properties. The construction of fireproof board requires high-quality adhesive application, and high-quality fireproof board is more expensive than decorative panels. Its thickness usually ranges from 0.8mm to 1.2mm.

  1. Particle Board

Particle board is made by shredding raw materials such as wood into specific-sized chips, which are then dried and mixed with adhesives, hardeners, and waterproofing agents before being pressed at a certain temperature to form a man-made board. Particle board has a uniform structure and good processing performance, making it an ideal material for making furniture of various specifications and styles.

  1. E0 Grade Particle Board

E0 grade particle board, commonly known as “big core board,” is made by processing high-quality natural wood boards into certain-sized wood strips after heat treatment. These strips are then assembled using a splicing machine and covered with two layers of high-quality veneer before being pressed with glue using a cold or hot press machine. E0 grade particle board has a beautiful appearance similar to ordinary thick plywood and provides nearly the same strength. Due to its lightweight nature, minimal adhesive usage, and investment characteristics, it gives the impression of solid wood and meets consumers’ desire for solid wood furniture.a7fefe2c43d650a647a5e4af829a32a3

二、The most environmentally friendly board materials

  1. Solid Wood Boards: Solid wood boards are made from intact wood and are sourced from natural trees, eliminating concerns about environmental pollution. However, they are relatively expensive, and their production and construction processes require high standards.
  2. Finger Joint Boards: Finger joint boards, also known as integrated wood boards, are made by gluing and cold pressing multiple wood strips longitudinally and transversely. Unlike solid wood boards, finger joint boards use white latex instead of urea-formaldehyde glue during the manufacturing process, making them environmentally friendly and safe.
  3. Straw Board: Straw board is a new type of eco-friendly engineered board made primarily from natural crop residues such as rice and wheat straw, using a polyurethane eco-friendly adhesive that contains zero formaldehyde. It is developed using advanced patented technologies. Its main feature is its environmental performance, with zero formaldehyde emissions, avoiding health hazards associated with formaldehyde. Therefore, straw board is the most environmentally friendly among engineered board materials, but due to its high level of craftsmanship, it is more expensive than particle board and MDF.